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This article focuses on the mechanical development of the USSR (1922-1991) (Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics) in its early years of existence in very few areas.
Computing in the Soviet Union began in the late 1930s. In 1936, an analogue computer was designed. It was the world’s first computer for solving partial differential equations. They started developing digital computers after WW2. By the early 1970s, the lack of common standard peripherals and digital capacity led to a significant lag behind Western producers.
2. Space program:
• Sputnik 1: On October 4, 1957, the USSR launched Sputnik 1; the first-ever artificial Earth satellite that orbited the Earth for three weeks before the battery died.
Source: Adam Smith Institute
• In April 1961, Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet, became the first human in space. The Soviet Sterla computer, commissioned in December 1956, calculated Yuri Gagarin’s spaceflight.
Source : 1956 by Ria Novosti URL: pixels.com/featured/strela-computer-1956-ri..
3 . Aircraft:
The Soviet aircraft industry produced high-performance fighters, interceptors. They also lead the world in the development of rotor systems for very large helicopters. The Soviet air fighters: ILYUSHIN II-2 and AS -YakovlevokB were the principal aircraft used during WW2. They became the most produced military aircraft in the 1940s.
4 . The 1953 Soviet hydrogen bomb The first test of the Hydrogen bomb took off on August 12, 1953. It was a success and marked a turning point for them.
Development in the USSR reduced drastically reduced starting from the late 1950s as a result of the economic crisis it faced.
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